Acupuncture for Women's Health

Acupuncture for Women's Health.

For thousands of years Chinese medicine has cared about the physical and emotional health symptoms of women throughout all stages of their lives.

Women can experience a wide range of symptoms related to their menstruation including irregular cycles, period pain and endometriosis, pre-menstrual tension and menopausal syndrome which can greatly affect their quality of life each month.

Any unusually late periods or absence of menstruation (amenorrhoea) should be investigated for possible pregnancy or other medical causes such as PCOS.

What is our clinical experience?

Based on feedback collected from over 839 initial appointments for Irregular Menstruation & Period Pain, 95% of our patients reported improved quality of life after their first 6 appointments. See our detailed benchmarking statistics.

Initial
Consults
839
Average
Appointments
6
Improved
Quality of Life
95%
Refer Family &
Friends
96%

What does the research say?

The following insights are obtained from systematic reviews and analysis of clinical trials investigating the efficacy of Chinese medicine and acupuncture for women's health.

Consult with our practitioners for personalised care and advice.

Although well-conducted clinical research can help members of the public to make better-informed decisions about their healthcare, we cannot claim that any particular treatment may be effective for any individual person.

When you consult with our Chinese medicine practitioners, you'll receive personalised advice and treatment based on your symptoms and Chinese medicine diagnosis.

Scientific References

Browse our collection of scientific clinical research on acupuncture for women's health.

It includes recent and reputable papers published by peer-reviewed journals within the last 10 years.



Advances in Nutrition

2024, Jan

Nut Consumption and Fertility: a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Advances in Nutrition American Society for Nutrition

Our meta-analysis shows that including at least 2 servings of nuts daily as part of a Western-style diet in healthy males improves sperm parameters, which are predictors of male fertility.

Cardoso BR, Fratezzi I, Kellow NJ Full Article

Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine

2023, Oct 10

Pregnancy Benefit of Acupuncture on in vitro Fertilization: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine

This review suggests that acupuncture especially for transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation (TEAS) improved clinical pregnancy rate (CPR) and live birth rate (LBR) among IVF women. However, prudence in interpreting its clinical meanings should be exercised because the associations seemingly suggested not a substantially significant benefit.

Zhang H, Zhang C, Ma P, Sun C, Sun C, Liu X, Pu Z, Lin Y, Liu B, Liu C, Yan S Full Article

Journal of Ethnopharmacology

2023, May

Effect of Guizhi Fuling Wan in primary dysmenorrhea: A randomized controlled trial
Journal of Ethnopharmacology

The study concludes that GFW significantly alleviated the severity of menstrual pain in PD patients with the heat-burning blood-stasis syndrome, as evidenced by a significant decrease in Visual Analog Scale (VAS) scores for pain intensity, Cox Menstrual Symptom Scale (CMSS), Self-rating Anxiety Scale (SAS), and Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) syndrome scores compared to the placebo group. No significant differences were observed in Self-rating Depression Scale (SDS) scores between the two groups, and no serious adverse events were reported.

Luo Y, Mao P, Chen P, Li C, Fu X, Zhuang M Full Article

Frontiers in Public Health

2022, Sep 09

Effects of acupuncture on the pregnancy outcomes of frozen-thawed embryo transfer: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Frontiers in Public Health

Acupuncture could be instrumental in the pregnancy outcomes of FET, and has very few risks of severe adverse events; however, the quality of evidence is unsatisfactory. Further research with rigorous methodological quality should be considered, and the protocols of acupuncture also need more investigations

Zhu C, Xia W, Huang J, Zhang X, Li F, Yu X, Ma J, Zeng Q Full Article

Medicine

2022, Jan 14

Can acupuncture improve sleep quality and anxiety among women during perimenopause?
Medicine

This study will provide new evidence on the effectiveness and safety of acupuncture for the treatment of insomnia, anxiety, and depression in perimenopausal women, and provide additional options for clinicians and patients to improve insomnia and anxiety.

Ping Y, Liang C, Fan X, Zhang L, Ying D, Wang Z Full Article

Journal of Integrative Medicine

2022, Dec

Efficacy and safety of acupuncture for polycystic ovary syndrome: An overview of systematic reviews
Journal of Integrative Medicine

The efficacy and safety of acupuncture for polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) remains uncertain due to the limitations and inconsistencies of current evidence.

Yang H, Xiao Z, Yin Z, Yu Z, Liu J, Xiao Y, Zhou Y, Li J, Yang J, Liang F Full Article

Frontiers in Endocrinology

2022, Aug 29

Acupuncture combined with metformin versus metformin alone to improve pregnancy rate in polycystic ovary syndrome: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Frontiers in Endocrinology

Based on the results of this study, compared with metformin alone, acupuncture combined with metformin has a positive effect on pregnancy rate, ovulation rate, and insulin resistance in PCOS. However, due to the limitations regarding the number and quality of the included studies, the above conclusions need to be verified by further high-quality studies.

Chen X, Lan Y, Yang L, Liu Y, Li H, Zhu X, Zhao Y, Long C, Wang M, Xie Q, Li Z, Wu J Full Article

Frontiers in Pharmacology

2022, Jan

Elucidation of the Effects of Si-Wu Tang on Menstrual Disorder Patterns through Activation of Aromatase and Antioxidation
Frontiers in Pharmacology

If the ratio of Shu Di Huang and Shao Yao should be increased, the function of SWT will be more forceful against menstrual disorder patterns through activating aromatase and antioxidative properties.

Guan-Cheng Huang, Yi-Zhe Tsai, Chia-Jung Lee, Heng-Yu Chang, Ching-Chiung Wang Full Article

Babali Nursing Research

2022, Nov 30

Midwifery Complementary Treatment with The Application of Oxytocin Massage Using Lavender Aromatherapy Oil on Breast Milk Production in Postpartum Mothers
Babali Nursing Research

Combination complementary therapy between oxytocin massage and lavender aromatherapy can increase breast milk production in postpartum mothers in Denpasar City.

Widiastuti NMR, Arini KN, Yuniati MG Full Article

Medicinal Plants - International Journal of Phytomedicines and Related Industries

2022, Jan

The effect of chamomile on menstruation pattern and serum androgens in polycystic ovary syndrome
Medicinal Plants - International Journal of Phytomedicines and Related Industries

Chamomile can have a significant impact on menstrual regulation and decrease total testosterone levels in women with PCOS.

Heidary M, Dokuhaki S, Yazdanpanahi Z, Dabbaghmanesh MH, Emamghoreishi M, Akbarzadeh M Full Article

PeerJ

2022, Oct 28

Prevention of polycystic ovary syndrome and postmenopausal osteoporosis by inhibiting apoptosis with Shenling Baizhu powder compound
PeerJ

Rutin, the main ingredient of SBP compound, works by binding to AHR, which can improve POCS and PMO by inhibiting cell apoptosis and by promoting cell proliferation.

Liang J, Bao A, Ma H, Dong W, Li W, Wu X, Li H, Hou H, Chen Y, Fu J, Shao C Full Article

Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine

2021, Feb 04

The Effects of Acupuncture on Pregnancy Outcomes of Recurrent Implantation Failure: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine

The results of meta-analysis show that for the outcome measurements including clinical pregnancy rate, biochemical pregnancy rate, embryo implantation rate, and endometrial thickness, the use of acupuncture in the treatment group is higher than the sham or nonacupuncture group, in which the difference is statistically significant.

Li, M., Liu, Y., Wang, H., Zheng, S., Deng, Y., & Li, Y. Full Article

Medicine

2021, Jun 04

Efficacy and safety of acupuncture for urinary retention after hysterectomy
Medicine

There is insufficient evidence that acupuncture can increase the patient's maximal flow rate (MFR), bladder function recovery rate (BR), and urinary tract infection rate (UIR). However, acupuncture can effectively improve the post voided residual urine (PVR), maximal cystometric capacity, and bladder capacity for first voiding desire values of patients with urinary retention after hysterectomy. Although limited due to the quality and methodological limitations of the included studies, acupuncture can still be used as an effective and safe treatment for women with urinary retention after hysterectomy.

Zhao Q, Yan C, Dan M, Jia H Full Article

Reproductive BioMedicine & Society Online

2021, Mar 30

IVF, acupuncture and mental health: a qualitative study of perceptions and experiences of women participating in a randomized controlled trial of acupuncture during IVF treatment
Reproductive BioMedicine & Society Online

In conclusion, there are significant features associated with a placebo effect in acupuncture that might be exploited to provide psychological benefit for women undertaking IVF.

de Lacey S, Sanderman E, Smith CA Full Article

Frontiers in Medicine

2021, Feb 22

The Relationship of Acupuncture Use to the Endometriosis Risk in Females With Rheumatoid Arthritis: Real-World Evidence From Population-Based Health Claims
Frontiers in Medicine

Findings suggest that adding acupuncture to conventional therapy may decrease the subsequent endometriosis risk in female RA patients. Prospective randomized trials are recommended to further clarify whether the association revealed in this study supports a causal link.

Chen Wei-Jen, Livneh Hanoch, Hsu Chien-Hui, Hu Ying-To, Lai Ning-Sheng, Guo How-Ran, Tsai Tzung-Yi Full Article

World Journal of Acupuncture-Moxibustion

2021, Jan

Meta analysis on acupuncture for postpartum depression
World Journal of Acupuncture-Moxibustion World Federation of Acupuncture-Moxibustion Societies

Acupuncture treatment for postpartum depression is effective compared with western medication. However, more high-quality clinical randomized controlled trials larger sample sizes are still needed to verify the result.

WANG, J., TAN, L., MEI, Q., ZHENG, Q., YANG, S., & MEI, Z. Full Article

Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine

2021, Apr 30

Complementary and Alternative Medicine for the Treatment of Abnormal Endometrial Conditions in Women with PCOS: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine

Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) may effectively ameliorate the endometrial condition of PCOS patients, and it can regulate the level of hormone secretion to increase the ovulation rate and the pregnancy rate.

Jiayu Hu, Wenhua Shi, Jiayue Xu, Shaoxuan Liu, Siya Hu, Wenjing Fu, Jing Wang and Fengjuan Han Full Article

Acupuncture in Medicine

2021, Dec 13

Effect of acupuncture on menopausal hot flushes and serum hormone levels: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Acupuncture in Medicine British Medical Acupuncture Society

Acupuncture may not decrease hot flush frequency, but yet appears to have similar effects on serum hormone levels as HT, that is, increased E2 and decreased FSH and LH. Considering that no firm conclusions could be drawn due to the low quality and limited number of included trials included, further high-quality RCTs need to be conducted.

Liu C, Wang Z, Guo T, Zhuang L, Gao X Full Article

Molecules

2021, May 03

Beneficial Effects of Green Tea Catechins on Female Reproductive Disorders: A Review
Molecules

Green tea or its derivative, EGCG, improves endometriosis mainly through anti-angiogenic, anti-fibrotic, anti-proliferative and proapoptotic mechanisms. Moreover, green tea enhances ovulation and reduces cyst formation in PCOS while improving generalised hyperalgesia, and reduces plasma corticosterone levels and uterine contractility in dysmenorrhea.

Kamal DAM, Salamt N, Zaid SSM, Mokhtar MH Full Article

Complementary Therapies in Medicine

2021, Aug

Licorice (Glycyrrhiza spp.) and jujube (Ziziphus jujuba Mill.) formula for menopausal symptoms: Classical records, clinical evidence and experimental data
Complementary Therapies in Medicine

Licorice and Jujube formula (LJF), identified as the most common formula for menopausal symptoms in classical Chinese medicine, demonstrated potential improvements in sleep symptoms based on evidence from four randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and exhibited sedative, antidepressant-like, estrogenic, and antiprogestogenic actions in experimental studies. However, further research is needed to confirm its clinical effects and guide clinical decision-making.

Coyle ME, Liu J, Yang H, Wang K, Zhang AL, Guo X, Lu C, Xue CC Full Article

Phytotherapy Research

2021, Oct 28

Effects of curcumin on menstrual pattern, premenstrual syndrome, and dysmenorrhea: A triple‐blind, placebo‐controlled clinical trial
Phytotherapy Research

Hence, curcumin had comparable effects as placebo, regarding the amelioration of symptoms of PMS and dysmenorrhea.

Bahrami A, Zarban A, Rezapour H, Agha Amini Fashami A, Ferns GA Full Article

American Journal of Reproductive Immunology

2021, Jan 28

The role of genital mycoplasma infection in female infertility: A systematic review and meta‐analysis
American Journal of Reproductive Immunology

Women with infertility were found to have a statistically higher odds of having any genital mycoplasma infection compared to the control group, with a pooled odds ratio of 3.82 (95% CI: 2.55, 5.72). Subgroup analysis further identified M. genitalium, M. hominis, and U. urealyticum infections as significantly associated with female infertility. The results suggest the need for guidelines in diagnosing and treating genital mycoplasma infections to prevent female infertility.

Tantengco OAG, de Castro Silva M, Velayo CL Full Article

Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science

2020, Feb 24

Acupuncture for premature ovarian insufficiency: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science

The present study indicated that acupuncture had an advantage over hormone replacement therapy in reducing serum FSH level and increasing serum E2 level in women with premature ovarian insufficiency.

Yin, Yq., Xu, Hf., Fang, Yg. et al. Full Article

Deutsches Arzteblatt International

2020, Feb 21

Vulvar pruritus-Causes, Diagnosis and Therapeutic Approach
Deutsches Arzteblatt International

As vulvar pruritus has multiple causes, standardization of its diagnostic evaluation and treatment would be desirable, both to achieve optimal efficacy and to meet the diverse needs of women who suffer from this condition.

Woelber L, Prieske K, Mendling W, Schmalfeldt B, Tietz HJ, Jaeger A. Full Article

BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology

2020, Jun 03

Acupuncture for recurrent urinary tract infection in women: a systematic review and meta‐analysis
BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology Royal College of Obstetricians & Gynaecologists

Given the growing challenge of antibiotic resistance, the chance of achieving a composite cure with acupuncture therapies was greater than that with antibiotics. Acupuncture appeared to be beneficial for treatment and prophylaxis of rUTIs.

Qin X, Coyle ME, Yang L, Liang J, Wang K, Guo X, Zhang AL, Mao W, Lu C, Xue CC, Liu X Full Article

Frontiers in Pharmacology

2020, Aug 12

Therapeutic Effects and Mechanisms of Herbal Medicines for Treating Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: A Review
Frontiers in Pharmacology

Herbal medicines are thought to be promising resources in the development of effective therapeutic agents for PCOS. Further studies that include methodological quality assessment and quantitative synthesis of outcomes are recommended.

Kwon Chan-Young, Cho Ik-Hyun, Park Kyoung Sun Full Article

Complementary Therapies in Medicine

2020, Mar

Effects of acupuncture on Luteinized Unruptured Follicle Syndrome: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
Complementary Therapies in Medicine

Improved serum luteinizing hormone and estradiol levels, and decreased pulsatility index and resistance index of ovary artery were shown in both two subgroups. Evidences of most outcomes were “low” or “very low”, so the results should be cautiously interpreted.

Xiaojuan Liu, Wenying Shi, Zhifeng Liu, Shuqing Shi, Chao Ke, Peiming Zhang, Zhenyu Tan, Wei Zhang Full Article

Explore: The Journal of Science & Healing

2020, Sep

Herbal medicine (Taohong Siwu Tang) for the treatment of primary dysmenorrhea: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Explore: The Journal of Science & Healing

This systematic review and meta-analysis provides moderate quality evidence for the superiority of modified TST (MTST) over non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) as well as that of Tao-Hong Siwu Tang (TST) plus oral contraceptives (OCs) over OCs in the treatment of primary dysmenorrhea.

Ji HR, Park KS, Woo HL, Lee MJ, Yoon JG, Lee HJ, Hwang DS, Lee CH, Jang JB, Lee JM Full Article

International Urogynecology Journal

2020, May 12

Antenatal perineal massage benefits in reducing perineal trauma and postpartum morbidities: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
International Urogynecology Journal International Urogynecological Association

Antenatal perineal massage is associated with a lower risk of severe perineal trauma and postpartum complications.

Abdelhakim AM, Eldesouky E, Elmagd IA, Mohammed A, Farag EA, Mohammed AE, Hamam KM, Hussein AS, Ali AS, Keshta NHA, Hamza M, Samy A, Abdel-Latif AA Full Article

BioMed Research International

2020, Dec 8

Miscarriage on Endometriosis and Adenomyosis in Women by Assisted Reproductive Technology or with Spontaneous Conception: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
BioMed Research International

Women with endometriosis had an augmented miscarriage risk in SC and a similar miscarriage risk during ART. Adenomyosis was associated with miscarriage in pregnant women using ART.

Yangxue Huang, Xianhong Zhao, Yiyuan Chen, Jie Wang, Weilin Zheng, Lixing Cao Full Article

Journal of Ethnopharmacology

2020, May

Effects of cinnamon on controlling metabolic parameters of polycystic ovary syndrome: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Journal of Ethnopharmacology

This study indicated that cinnamon supplementation help PCOS patients to manage their metabolic parameters. There is a significant decrease of fasting blood sugar and fasting insulin after cinnamon treatment

Heydarpour F, Hemati N, Hadi A, Moradi S, Mohammadi E, Farzaei MH Full Article

Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine

2019, Jun 25

Acupuncture for Premenstrual Syndrome at Different Intervention Time: A Systemic Review and Meta-Analysis
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine

This systematic review shows that the overall effectiveness of acupuncture treatment of premenstrual syndrome is superior to related medications, which is consistent with previous systematic review reports. Immediate and early acupuncture have shown to improve symptoms, and overall health state.

Zhang J, Cao L, Wang Y, Jin Y, Xiao X, Zhang Q Full Article

Medicine

2019, Jul

Acupuncture for infertile women without undergoing assisted reproductive techniques (ART)
Medicine

This systematic review and meta analysis of randomised control trials indicated that acupuncture is significantly effective in improving pregnancy rate, ovulation rate, LH, and endometrial thickness. The result showed that acupuncture with combined therapy is more effective than clomiphene citrate (oral medication for fertility). This further indicate that acupuncture can provide an alternative choice with fewer side effects for ovulation induction.

Yun L, Liqun W, Shuqi Y, Chunxiao W, Liming L, Wei Y Full Article

Reproductive BioMedicine Online

2019, Jan 02

Acupuncture performed around the time of embryo transfer: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Reproductive BioMedicine Online

Acupuncture may have a significant effect on clinical pregnancy rates, independent of comparator group, when used in women who have had multiple previous IVF cycles, or where there was a low baseline pregnancy rate.

Smith, C. A., Armour, M., Shewamene, Z., Tan, H. Y., Norman, R. J., & Johnson, N. P. Full Article

Acupuncture in Medicine

2019, Oct 03

Acupuncture and clomiphene citrate for anovulatory infertility: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Acupuncture in Medicine British Medical Acupuncture Society

The use of acupuncture as a monotherapy significantly improved the rate of pregnancy among the study participants compared with the use of CC alone. However, any results drawn from these studies should be interpreted with caution when considering the context of clinical practice.

Gao R, Guo B, Bai J, Wu Y, Wu K Full Article

BioMed Research International

2019, Mar 20

Effectiveness of Acupuncture Used for the Management of Postpartum Depression: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
BioMed Research International

Our meta-analysis suggested that acupuncture treatment may reduce HAMD scores, while no significant effects on EPDS, clinical response, and serum estradiol levels were observed.

Li W, Yin P, Lao L, Xu S Full Article

BMC Complementary Medicine and Therapies

2019, Mar 13

Acupuncture in improving endometrial receptivity: a systematic review and meta-analysis
BMC Complementary Medicine and Therapies

The academic research indicated that acupuncture has a high efficacy in patients with low endometrial receptivity. Patients reported to have high double continuous pregnancy rate in the luteal phase. It also showed to improve the endometrial morphology, promote the microcirculation of the film inside the uterus and increase pregnancy rate.

Zhong, Y., Zeng, F., Liu, W. et al. Full Article

JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports

2019, Aug

Effectiveness of breast massage for the treatment of women with breastfeeding problems
JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports

Overall, different types of breast massage were reported as effective in reducing immediate pain for the participants.

Anderson L, Kynoch K, Kildea S, Lee N Full Article

Frontiers in Pharmacology

2019, Sep 25

Gyejibongnyeong-Hwan (Gui Zhi Fu Ling Wan) Ameliorates Human Uterine Myomas via Apoptosis
Frontiers in Pharmacology

These results suggest that Gyejibongnyeong-hwan (GBH) may induce apoptosis of leiomyomas and demonstrated that GBH can be a potential therapeutic and/or preventive agent for uterine leiomyomas.

Lee SM, Choi ES, Ha E, Ji KY, Shin SJ, Jung J Full Article

Acupuncture in Medicine

2018, Oct 1

Effectiveness of Acupuncture in Postpartum Depression: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Acupuncture in Medicine British Medical Acupuncture Society

The result of this meta-analysis demonstrated that the acupuncture group had a significantly greater overall effective rate compared with the control group. Moreover, acupuncture significantly increased oestradiol levels compared with the control group. Acupuncture appears to be effective for postpartum depression with respect to certain outcomes.

Li S, Zhong W, Peng W, Jiang G Full Article

Medicine

2018, Jun

The efficacy and safety of acupuncture in women with primary dysmenorrhea
Medicine

The results of this study suggest that acupuncture might reduce menstrual pain and associated symptoms more effectively compared to no treatment or NSAIDs, and the efficacy could be maintained during a short-term follow-up period. Despite limitations due to the low quality and methodological restrictions of the included studies, acupuncture might be used as an effective and safe treatment for females with primary dysmenorrhea.

Woo HL, Ji HR, Pak YK, Lee H, Heo SJ, Lee JM, Park KS Full Article

JBRA Assisted Reproduction

2018, Nov 1

Does acupuncture the day of embryo transfer affect the clinical pregnancy rate? Systematic review and meta-analysis
JBRA Assisted Reproduction Brazilian Society of Assisted Reproduction

This study showed that acupuncture performed on the day of embryo transfer decreases significantly the risk of achieving a pregnancy.

Schwarze, J.-E., Ceroni, J. P., Ortega-Hrepich, C., Villa, S., Crosby, J., & Pommer, R. Full Article

Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine

2018, Sep 27

Acupuncture Treatment for Chronic Pelvic Pain in Women: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine

The results of our review and meta-analysis suggest the effectiveness of AT combined with CT for treating women with CPP compared to use of CT alone. However, current evidence is insufficient to verify the efficacy of AT for CPP because of the small number of RCTs and low methodological quality and heterogeneity of interventions. Therefore, larger, more rigorous and adequately powered multicentre RCTs are needed to provide clinical guidelines for AT in treating female CPP patients.

Sung SH, Sung ADM, Sung HK, An TEB, Kim KH, Park JK Full Article

British Journal of Midwifery

2018, Oct 3

Acupuncture versus antidepressants in the management of postpartum depression: A systematic review
British Journal of Midwifery

Acupuncture in postpartum depression was at least as effective as fluoxetine hydrochloride, supporting the notion that acupuncture may be a safe and effective option.

Akari Komori, David Arthur, Samara Radford, Hsiewe Ying Tan, Li Zheng, Mira An, Rika Umeda, and Zhen Zheng Full Article

Reproductive Health

2018, May 21

A review of the risk factors, genetics and treatment of endometriosis in Chinese women: a comparative update
Reproductive Health

Although Western medicine has been studied and validated more extensively for the treatment of endometriosis, both TCM and Western medicine are used equally in the treatment of endometriosis in Chinese women.

Dai Y, Li X, Shi J, Leng J Full Article

Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine

2018, Sep 20

Effects of Acupuncture on the Outcomes of Assisted Reproductive Technology: An Overview of Systematic Reviews
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine

To conclude, the evidence for acupuncture to increase the success rate of ART is unclear. Thus, physicians should apply the evidence to make decisions about acupuncture for infertile women under ART with caution in clinical practice and consider the actual situation, combined with the patient’s value preferences and economic factors.

Xi, J., Chen, H., Peng, Z., Tang, Z., Song, X., & Xia, Y. Full Article

Journal of Clinical Medicine

2018, Jul 22

Investigation on the Use of Traditional Chinese Medicine for Polycystic Ovary Syndrome in a Nationwide Prescription Database in Taiwan
Journal of Clinical Medicine

The survey results revealed that 89.22% women with newly diagnosed PCOS had received TCM therapy. Jia-Wei-Xiao-Yao-San and Xiang-Fu (Rhizoma Cyperi) were the most commonly used formula and single herb, respectively, in the database. In addition, we found that the top five commonly prescribed single herbs and herbal formulas have shown promise in treating symptoms associated with PCOS.

Liao WT, Chiang JH, Li CJ, Lee MT, Su CC, Yen HR Full Article

Acupuncture in Medicine

2017, Jun 1

Effectiveness of Acupuncture in Women with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome Undergoing in Vitro Fertilisation Or Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Acupuncture in Medicine British Medical Acupuncture Society

This review indicated that acupuncture may increase the clinical pregnancy rate and ongoing pregnancy rate and decrease the risk of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) in women with PCOS undergoing IVF or ICSI.

Jo J, Lee YJ Full Article

PLOS One

2017, Aug 22

Effect of acupuncture on hot flush and menopause symptoms in breast cancer- A systematic review and meta-analysis
PLOS One Public Library of Science

Acupuncture significantly alleviated menopause symptoms, but had no effect on hot flush. Breast cancer patients concerned about the adverse effects of hormone therapy should consider acupuncture. Further large-scale studies that also measure biomarkers or cytokines may help to elucidate the mechanism by which acupuncture alleviates menopause symptoms in patients with breast cancer.

Chien TJ, Hsu CH, Liu CY, Fang CJ. Full Article

Complementary Medicine Research

2017, Oct 12

Acupuncture May Improve Quality of Life in Menopausal Women: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials
Complementary Medicine Research

Both the total score and the subgroup analysis strongly indicated that acupuncture can alleviate menopause-related symptoms. However, the evidence is not very strong. Thus, further studies about the efficiency of acupuncture on menopausal symptoms based on well-designed trials are needed.

Li W, Luo Y, Fu W, Lei R. Full Article

BMC Complementary Medicine and Therapies

2017, Aug 31

Effects of acupoint-stimulation for the treatment of primary dysmenorrhoea compared with NSAIDs: a systematic review and meta-analysis of 19 RCTs
BMC Complementary Medicine and Therapies

The study indicated that acupoint-stimulation can relieve pain effectively for primary dysmenorrhoe patients. Compared with NASIDS group patients, acupuncture patients had less side effects and it offers advantages in increasing the overall effectiveness

Xu, Y., Zhao, W., Li, T. et al. Full Article

Belitung Nursing Journal

2017, Dec 28

DARK CHOCOLATE’S EFFECT ON MENSTRUAL PAIN IN LATE ADOLESCENTS
Belitung Nursing Journal

In conclusion, there was a significant effect of dark chocolate in reducing menstrual pain in the late adolescents (18-21 years). Therefore, the dark chocolate is recommended to reduce pain in young women during menstruation.

Maharani SI, Pramono N, Wahyuni S Full Article

Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics

2017, Jun 16

Comparison of the effect of honey and mefenamic acid on the severity of pain in women with primary dysmenorrhea
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics Deutsche Gesellschaft für Gynäkologie und Geburtshilfe

Honey and the mefenamic acid capsules led to the same amount of pain relief in women with primary dysmenorrhea. Honey is suggested to be used for pain relief due to its lower side effects and pharmacological complications.

Amiri Farahani L, Hasanpoor-Azghdy SB, Kasraei H, Heidari T Full Article

BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth

2016, Oct 17

Does acupuncture have a role in the treatment of threatened miscarriage? Findings from a feasibility randomised trial and semi-structured participant interviews
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth

Forty women were successfully randomised. For women receiving acupuncture there was a statically significant reduction with threatened miscarriage symptoms including bleeding, cramping and back pain compared with the control. Acupuncture was a feasible intervention and reduced threatened miscarriage symptoms when compared to a touch intervention. Further research is required to further explore acupuncture use for this common complication and whether it can reduce the incidence of miscarriage.

Betts D, Smith CA, Dahlen HG. Full Article

Neurourology and Urodynamics

2016, Jan 06

The efficacy of acupuncture in managing patients with chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome: A systemic review and meta-analysis
Neurourology and Urodynamics

Acupuncture has promising efficacy for patients with CP/CPPS. Compared to standard medical treatment, it has better efficacy. Thus, it may also serve as a standard treatment option when available.

Chang SC, Hsu CH, Hsu CK, Yang SSD, Chang SJ Full Article

Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics

2016, Dec 19

Therapeutic effect of acupuncture on the outcomes of in vitro fertilization: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics Deutsche Gesellschaft für Gynäkologie und Geburtshilfe

This review shows that acupuncture improves the clinical pregnancy rate among women undergoing IVF. Optimal effect can be achieved with electroacupuncture, especially in Asian area.

Qian, Y., Xia, X.-R., Ochin, H., Huang, C., Gao, C., Gao, L., Cui, Y.-G., Liu, J.-Y., & Meng, Y. Full Article

Journal of Pain Research

2016, Mar 20

Is acupuncture effective in the treatment of pain in endometriosis?
Journal of Pain Research American Society of Pain & Neuroscience

This study indicated that acupuncture is effective in treating endometriosis related pain. Patients reported to have having reduced long-term pain conditions.

Lund I, Lundeberg T Full Article

Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem

2016, Aug 15

Effectiveness of Traditional Chinese Acupuncture versus Sham Acupuncture: a Systematic Review
Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem University of Sao Paulo at Ribeirao Preto College of Nursing

The evidence gathered was not sufficient to affirm the effectiveness of traditional acupuncture compared with sham acupuncture.

Carlos, Luís et al. Full Article

European Journal of Integrative Medicine

2016, Feb

The effects of acupuncture on polycystic ovary syndrome: A systematic review and meta-analysis
European Journal of Integrative Medicine

This article highlighted the efficacy of acupuncture in significant improvements decrease in BMI and LH in women with PCOS.

Qu F, Wu Y, Hu XY, Barry JA, Zhou J, Wang FF, Ye YH, Zhang R, Han SP, Han JS, Li R, Taw MB, Hardiman PJ, Robinson N Full Article

Complementary Therapies in Medicine

2016, Nov

Effectiveness of SP6 (Sanyinjiao) acupressure for relief of primary dysmenorrhea symptoms: A systematic review with meta- and sensitivity analyses
Complementary Therapies in Medicine

SP6 acupressure appears to be effective when delivered by trained personnel for some primary dysmenorrhea (PD) symptoms. Findings suggest that self-administered acupressure shows promise for the alleviation of PD symptoms.

Abaraogu UO, Igwe SE, Tabansi-Ochiogu CS Full Article

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

2016, Apr 18

Acupuncture for dysmenorrhoea
Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews Cochrane

There is insufficient evidence to demonstrate whether or not acupuncture or acupressure are effective in treating primary dysmenorrhoea, and for most comparisons no data were available on adverse events. The quality of the evidence was low or very low for all comparisons. The main limitations were risk of bias, poor reporting, inconsistency and risk of publication bias

Smith CA, Armour M, Zhu X, Li X, Lu ZY, Song J Full Article

Journal of Herbal Medicine

2016, Sep

The effect of peppermint (Mentha piperita) capsules on the severity of primary dysmenorrhea
Journal of Herbal Medicine

Peppermint capsules were found to significantly reduce the severity of primary dysmenorrhea.

Heshmati A, Dolatian M, Mojab F, shakeri N, Nikkhah S, Mahmoodi Z Full Article

Mansoura Nursing Journal

2016, Jul 01

THE EFFECT OF CINNAMON ON PHYSICAL SYMPTOMS OF PREMENSTRUAL SYNDROME AMONG ADOLESCENT GIRLS
Mansoura Nursing Journal

The study concluded that regular intake of cinnamon resulted in a highly significant reduction in the severity of physical symptoms of premenstrual syndrome, and most of the students were satisfied with the effect of cinnamon.

Hashim S, El-Sayed H, Wasel S Full Article

The Journal of Sexual Medicine

2015, Apr 01

Acupuncture for the Treatment of Vulvodynia: A Randomized Wait-List Controlled Pilot Study
The Journal of Sexual Medicine The International Society for Sexual Medicine

This was the first randomized controlled pilot study to examine the use of acupuncture for the treatment of vulvodynia. The acupuncture protocol was feasible and in this small sample appeared to reduce vulvar pain and dyspareunia with an increase in overall sexual function for women with vulvodynia. This study should be replicated in a larger double-blinded randomized controlled trial.

Schlaeger JM, Xu N, Mejta CL, Park CG, Wilkie DJ Full Article

Menopause

2015, Feb

Effects of acupuncture on menopause-related symptoms and quality of life in women in natural menopause: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
Menopause The North American Menopause Society

This meta-analysis confirms that acupuncture improves hot flash frequency and severity, menopause-related symptoms, and quality of life (in the vasomotor domain) in women experiencing natural menopause.

Chiu HY, Pan CH, Shyu YK, Han BC, Tsai PS. Full Article

Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation

2015, Jan

The Role of Acupuncture in in vitro Fertilization: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation

This study showed that acupuncture increased pregnancy rates when performed at follicle phase, 25 min before and after embryo transfer, or 30 min after embryo transfer and after the implantation phase in the IVF process.

Shen C.,Wu M., Shu D., Zhao X. and Gao Y. Full Article

Journal of Advanced Nursing

2014, Mar 9

A systematic review investigating the effectiveness of Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) for the management of low back and/or pelvic pain (LBPP) in pregnancy
Journal of Advanced Nursing

Amongst Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM), acupuncture showed both clinically important changes and statistically significant results for management of low back and/or pelvic pain (LBPP) in pregnancy.

Close C, Sinclair M, Liddle SD, Madden E, McCullough JE, Hughes C. Full Article

Acupuncture in Medicine

2014, Jun 1

The Safety of Acupuncture during Pregnancy: A Systematic Review
Acupuncture in Medicine British Medical Acupuncture Society

Acupuncture during pregnancy appears to be associated with few adverse events when correctly applied.

Park J, Sohn Y, White AR, Lee H. Full Article

BMC Complementary Medicine and Therapies

2014, Jan 10

Effects and treatment methods of acupuncture and herbal medicine for premenstrual syndrome/premenstrual dysphoric disorder: systematic review
BMC Complementary Medicine and Therapies

In both acupuncture and herbal medical interventions, there have been no serious adverse events reported, proving the safety of the interventions while most of the interventions provided over 50% relief of symptoms associated with PMS/PMDD.

Jang SH, Kim DI, Choi MS Full Article

Medical Acupuncture

2013, Jan

Acupuncture for Treating Anxiety and Depression in Women: A Clinical Systematic Review
Medical Acupuncture American Academy of Medical Acupuncture

With respect to six reviewed studies, there is high-level evidence to support the use of acupuncture for treating major depressive disorder in pregnancy.

Sniezek DP, Siddiqui IJ. Full Article

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

2013, Jul 26

Acupuncture and assisted reproductive technology
Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews Cochrane

This updated review reports no evidence of overall benefit of acupuncture in improving live birth rate (LBR) when acupuncture was performed around the time of oocyte retrieval or on and around the day of ET. However, in studies with controls without sham or needling, women who had acupuncture on and around the day of ET had a higher LBR than the control. Although there was no evidence that acupuncture had an effect on miscarriage rates or other treatment side effects but it is advised to practice safely.

Cheong YC, Dix S, Hung Yu Ng E, Ledger WL, Farquhar C Full Article

Human Reproduction Update

2013, Jun 27

The effects of acupuncture on rates of clinical pregnancy among women undergoing in vitro fertilization: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Human Reproduction Update European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology

In this study, only the baseline pregnancy rate variable showed a statistically significant subgroup effect and appeared to explain most of the heterogeneity in the results for the primary outcome measure (clinical pregnancy). No statistically significant pooled benefits of one to three sessions of acupuncture adjuvant to IVF, across all trials was found.

Manheimer, E. ., van der Windt, D., Cheng, K., Stafford, K., Liu, J. ., Tierney, J., Lao, L. ., Berman, B. ., Langenberg, P., & Bouter, L. Full Article

Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine

2013, Jan

Systematic Review of Randomized Clinical Trials of Acupressure Therapy for Primary Dysmenorrhea
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine

Acupressure improved pain measured with VAS (−1.41 cm 95% CI [−1.61, −1.21]), SF-MPQ at the 3-month followup (WMD −2.33, 95% CI [−4.11, −0.54]) and 6-month followup (WMD −4.67, 95% CI [−7.30, −2.04]), and MDQ at the 3-month followup (WMD −2.31, 95% CI [−3.74, −0.87]) and 6-month followup (WMD −4.67, 95% CI [−7.30, −2.04]). All trials did not report adverse events. These results were limited by the methodological flaws of trials.

Jiang H, Ni S, Li J, Liu M, Li J, Cui X, Zhang B Full Article

The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine

2012, May 17

Effects of Acupuncture on the Outcomes of In Vitro Fertilization: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine Society for Acupuncture Research

This study did not find any significant benefits of acupuncture to improve the outcomes of in vitro fertilization (IVF) or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) treatment.

Qu, F., Zhou, J., & Ren, R.-X. Full Article

Fertility and Sterility

2012, Jan 12

Effects of acupuncture on pregnancy rates in women undergoing in vitro fertilization: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Fertility and Sterility

The study indicated that acupuncture improves clinical pregnancy rate and live birth rate among women undergoing IVF. The acupuncture group showed higher biochemical pregnancy rate and live birth rates compared to the control group.

Zheng, C. H., Huang, G. Y., Zhang, M. M., & Wang, W. Full Article

BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology

2011, May 24

Acupuncture for premenstrual syndrome: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials
BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology Royal College of Obstetricians & Gynaecologists

Although acupuncture seems promising for symptom improvement in women with PMS, important methodological flaws in the included studies weaken the evidence. Considering the potential of acupuncture, further rigorous studies are needed.

Kim SY, Park HJ, Lee H, Lee H Full Article

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

2011, Sep 07

Acupuncture for pain in endometriosis
Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews Cochrane

There is not enough evidence to support the effectiveness of acupuncture for pain in endometriosis based on the results of the single RCT included in this review. While the results of this trial (Xiang 2002) did show that auricular acupuncture decreased pain from endometriosis in comparison to Chinese herbal medicine, the overall low‐quality of methodology makes broad implications for practice difficult to determine.

Zhu X, Hamilton KD, McNicol ED Full Article

BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology

2011, May 24

Acupuncture for premenstrual syndrome: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials
BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology Royal College of Obstetricians & Gynaecologists

Although acupuncture seems promising for symptom improvement in women with PMS, important methodological flaws in the included studies weaken the evidence. Considering the potential of acupuncture, further rigorous studies are needed.

S-Y Kim, H-J Park, H Lee, H Lee Full Article

Climacteric

2011, May 05

Improvement in HDL cholesterol in postmenopausal women supplemented with pumpkin seed oil: pilot study
Climacteric International Menopause Society

The study concludes that postmenopausal women receiving pumpkin seed oil experienced a significant increase in high-density lipoprotein cholesterol concentrations, a decrease in diastolic blood pressure, and an improvement in menopausal symptom scores, particularly a reduction in the severity of hot flushes, headaches, and joint pains. In contrast, women in the placebo group (receiving wheat germ oil) reported feeling more depressed and having more unloved feelings. This pilot study provides strong evidence supporting the need for further research on the benefits of pumpkin seed oil for postmenopausal women.

Gossell-Williams M, Hyde C, Hunter T, Simms-Stewart D, Fletcher H, McGrowder D, Walters CA Full Article

Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica

2010, Dec 31

Systematic review of clinical trials of acupuncture-related therapies for primary dysmenorrhea
Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica Nordic Federation of Societies of Obstetrics and Gynecology

Acupuncture may be more effective for patients with dysmenorrhea compared with ibuprofen or analgesic drugs. However, the low methodologic quality and small sample size do not have convincing evidence for moxibustion or acupressure is as effective as other interventions.

Yang, H., Liu, C.-Z., Chen, X., Ma, L.-X., Xie, J.-P., Guo, N.-N., Ma, Z.-B., Zheng, Y.-Y., Zhu, J., & Liu, J.-P. Full Article

Complementary Therapies in Medicine

2010, Apr

Efficacy of acupuncture in management of premenstrual syndrome: A systematic review
Complementary Therapies in Medicine

The study highlighted a significant difference in reduction of PMS symptoms for acupuncture treatment compared with pharmacologic treatment. Patients found acupuncture to have less side effects than taking pharmacologic treatment (such as progesterone, antidepressants or pyridoxine).

Seung-HunChoaJongwooKimb Full Article


Yin Tang
“It is by virtue of the twelve channels that human life exists, that disease arises, that human beings can be treated and illness cured. The twelve channels are where beginners start and masters end.” The Classic of Acupuncture
Circa 1st Century BCE